Daniel 8: The Ram and The Goat
· 3rd year of Belshazzar, so before the writing on the wall (ch 5)
· Ram with two horns, one longer than the other – Medo-Persians
· Goat with a conspicuous horn between his eyes – Greek Empire
· When Alexander the Great died in 321 BC, his empire was divided into 4 Kingdoms
· In the latter period, a king will arise who exalts himself above God, but is destroyed by God
· Gabriel interpreted for him – same angel who appeared to Mary, Joseph, Zacharias
· Daniel was exhausted and sick for days after the vision
He magnified himself… he magnified himself… he magnified himself…
Daniel 9: Daniel’s Prayer for His People
· 1st year of Darius the Mede (??? BC), so just after the writing on the wall (ch 5)
· Daniel realized that the 70 years would soon be up and appealed to God
· Confession of Israel’s sin and God’s righteous justice
· Asked for mercy not based on their deeds, but on His compassion
For the Lord our God is righteous with respect to all His deeds which He has done. 9:14
On account of Your great compassion. O Lord hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action! 9:18-19
· Gabriel again, Daniel was exhausted again
· 70 weeks – 70 x 7 = 490 years
· From the decree to rebuild Jerusalem (Cyrus – 539 BC) until Messiah = 69 weeks (483 years)
· After 62 weeks, Messiah will be cut off, evil prince will destroy the city with a flood. He will make a firm covenant for one week, but in the middle of the week he will stop the sacrifice
· One will come who will make desolate, he will be completely destroyed
Daniel 10-12: Vision of the King of the North
· 3rd year of Cyrus of Persia (536 BC), so after the decree to rebuild Jerusalem
· Daniel had been in mourning for 3 weeks, saw a vision, the men with him were filled with dread and ran away to hide, he lost all strength, fell into a deep sleep on his face
· Man: beryl, lightning, torches, bronze, voice like many waters (Jesus in Rev 1:12-16)
· Stood him up, “do not be afraid” – angels always said this; from the first day you humbled yourself, God heard you and I have come in response, but I was delayed (21 days = 3 weeks = 3 years?)
· One like a human being appeared, touched him, and strengthened him
· There are supernatural “princes” of various kingdoms – Michael is the prince of Israel
O man of high esteem, do not be afraid. Peace be with you. take courage and be courageous! 10:19
· Persians – Greeks – Alexander the Great – four kingdoms: Ptolemy (S) and Seleucus (N); rise of Rome
· King of the North – Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the “abomination of desolation”
As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on evil, they will speak lies to each other at the same table
He will exalt and magnify himself above every go and speak monstrous things against the God of gods
· At that time… Michel will arise, time of great distress, your people will be rescued (rapture?)
· Many of the dead will awake to everlasting life; those who have insight will shine brightly like stars
· Commands Daniel to conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time
· Two others on either bank of the river – how long? 2 ½ times; 1290 days from abomination of desolation until… how blessed is he who keeps waiting to 1335 days
· Go your way to the end, you will enter rest and rise again at the end of the age
He said, “Go your way, Daniel, for these words are concealed and sealed up until the end time.Many will be purged, purified and refined, but the wicked will act wickedly; and none of the wicked will understand, but those who have insight will understand. 12:9-10
· Gabriel tells Daniel to not worry about the end times, just “go your way to the end.” What does this mean to you? Do you find yourself worried about the end times?
· What can we learn from Daniel? Humility and Faithfulness to God.
· In what ways do you think you need to be a little humbler?
· Are there any areas of life in which you’ve been unfaithful to God?
· What are some situations in your life in which you find it hard to remain faithful to God in our secular world? Are there certain places that are more tempting or difficult? (For example, it’s hard to be a Christian at work or around certain friends or at your kid’s soccer practice.) Think through some proper responses to those situations or things you could say or do that would help you strong and live the way God wants you to live.
· PRAY about those things, asking for strength and wisdom.